National Center For A Better Humanity
Applied Science - Protecting Futures and Saving Lives
The Malaria Problem
Malaria is undoubtedly one of the most formidable nemeses of peoples throughout the world, with an estimated quarter of a billion plus cases resulting in over a million people, many of them children, dying each year due to this parasitic infection,
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Nature Immunology, and hundreds of other reports, Malaria is one of the main health problems facing developing countries today. At present, preventative and treatment strategies are continuously hampered by the issues of the ever-emerging parasite resistance to newly introduced drugs, considerable costs and logistical problems.
The main hope for changing this situation would be the development of effective malaria vaccines. An important part of this process is understanding the mechanisms of naturally acquired immunity to malaria.
According to the World Health Organization these are the most current information and statistics for malaria:
- Nearly half of the world's population is at risk of malaria
- In 2015, there were roughly 212 million malaria cases and an estimated 429 000 malaria deaths
- Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected femaleAnopheles mosquitoes
- In 2015, 91 countries and areas had ongoing malaria transmission
- Malaria is preventable and curable, and increased efforts are dramatically reducing the malaria burden in many places
- Increased prevention and control measures have led to a 29% reduction in malaria mortality rates globally since 2010
- Between 2010 and 2015, malaria incidence among populations at risk (the rate of new cases) fell by 21% globally. In that same period, malaria mortality rates among populations at risk fell by 29% globally among all age groups, and by 35% among children under the age of 5.
Though there are some positive statistics for malaria in recent years, Malaria must remain an urgent public health priority, because today, 3.2 billion (almost half of the world population) are still at risk. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to carry a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden. In 2015, the region was home to 90% of malaria cases and 92% of malaria deaths.
Malaria and the costs of treatment trap families in a cycle of illness, suffering and poverty. Since 2000 malaria has cost sub-Saharan Africa US$ 300 million each year for case management alone and it is estimated to cost up to 1.3 percent of the GDP in Africa.